Unlike vegetables, it can take years for a fruit tree to become established enough to produce flowers, let alone set fruit, and it can take even longer for the tree to support the heavy crop we dream of.
These checkpoints are important and we at Green Gold Flowers take extra care of the Fruit Plants by following these :
Size and Age
Peaches and apricots are some of the earliest bearers. A standard size peach or apricot can start producing fruit when it is 2-4 years old. Standard size apple, pear, cherry, and plum trees take a little longer, from 3-6 years.
Keep in mind that all of these numbers are averages; there are other factors that affect when your tree starts to bear.
A tree in full to partial shade is fighting an uphill battle. Fruit trees can grow and survive in partial shade, but they will struggle and take longer to begin bearing fruit.
Fruit trees, like all plants, require some soil nutrients to survive. Excessively rich soil or heavy fertilization may encourage lots of leafy growth, at the expense of fruit production.
All fruit trees benefit from annual pruning if done in moderation. Pruning rejuvenates fruit trees and encourages the growth of fruiting spurs.
Lack of regular, moderate pruning is one of the most common causes of no fruit production. Removing more than a third of the tree could have just the opposite effect you were going for and stimulate the growth of more branches, as the tree repairs itself, rather than bearing fruit.
In addition to pruning, branches may need to be gently forced into a more open canopy to allow for light and air circulation.
This can be accomplished by bending them to as close to horizontal as you can get and securing them with soft rope or twine, staked to the ground.
Frosts & Cold Spells
If buds have been forming and not opening, it is probably the weather that’s at fault. A particularly cold, windy winter can damage susceptible flower buds. More likely, it would be the result of a late spring frost, especially if the buds have already begun to swell.
Too Much Fruit Set
Too much fruit doesn’t seem like it should be a problem, but there are two drawbacks to overabundance. First, a large fruit set means that the tree’s resources are stressed. You usually have to choose between a large harvest of small fruits or a small harvest of good-sized fruits.
Secondly, some fruit tree varieties deal with the stress of a large crop by taking a rest the year after a heavy harvest.
They seem to become biennial in fruiting, producing a large crop one year and little to nothing the next.
Pests & Disease
It’s hard to be patient when you only have one chance a year for fruit to set on your trees, but once you get them going by taking care to keep the Pests and Disease away, you’ll have many, many years of reaping the rewards.